GM, Honda Begin Production at Hydrogen Fuel Cell Manufacturing Facility



FCSM employee assembles a fuel cell system in the module final assembly at Fuel Cell System Manufacturing LLC, GM and Honda’s fuel cell joint venture in Brownstown, Mich.

Photo: Santa Fabio/General Motors


General Motors and Honda announced the start of production at their 50-50 joint venture production facility, FCSM.

FCSM is a large-scale manufacturing joint venture to build fuel cells and was established in Brownstown, Mich., in January 2017 based on a joint investment of $85 million.

The 70,000-square-foot facility has already created 80 jobs. 

“We integrated the strengths of Honda and GM to create the most capable production system at this joint venture,” said Tetsuo Suzuki, vice president of FCSM. “We brought a mass production mindset with attention to detail and a focus on high quality, and now we are ready to meet the needs of the customers for the future applications of fuel cell technology and the beginning of the hydrogen era.”

Honda and GM engineers began work in 2013 on the co-development of the next-generation fuel cell system.

In addition to advancing fuel cell system performance, GM and Honda collaborated to double durability compared to the 2019 Honda Clarity Fuel Cell by using corrosion-resistant materials and by improving low-temperature operation.

Together, the two companies also focused on lowering development and manufacturing costs by leveraging economies of scale, advancing the cell design, simplifying supporting auxiliary equipment, utilizing common sourcing, and reducing the use of costly precious metals.

Through this collaboration, the new fuel cell systems will be one-third less expensive to make when compared to the cost of the fuel cell system in the 2019 Honda Clarity Fuel Cell.

Both the GM and Honda engineering teams and the companies’ relevant intellectual property and expertise have been integrated at FCSM to create commercially viable hydrogen fuel cell systems to be used in zero-emissions propulsion and energy management applications.


FCSM employee monitors progress of fuel cell electrodes in the stack assembly room at Fuel Cell System Manufacturing LLC, GM and Honda’s fuel cell joint venture in Brownstown, Mich.  -  Photo: Santa Fabio/General Motors

FCSM employee monitors progress of fuel cell electrodes in the stack assembly room at Fuel Cell System Manufacturing LLC, GM and Honda’s fuel cell joint venture in Brownstown, Mich.

Photo: Santa Fabio/General Motors


GM and Honda’s Hydrogen Business Strategies

In December 2023, GM and Autocar Industries, LLC signed a joint development agreement to create a range of zero tailpipe emissions vocational vehicles powered by GM’s HYDROTEC power cubes.

Honda also outlined the strategies it is undergoing to increase the use of hydrogen fuel cell technology.

The company said it looks to expand its hydrogen business and achieve its global goal of zero environmental impact, including carbon neutrality for all products and corporate activities by 2050.

Honda is working toward its goal through its “Triple Action to Zero” approach:

  • Carbon neutrality for all Honda products and corporate activities by 2050.
  • Resource circulation: Using 100% sustainable materials to create a circular economy will enable Honda to recycle or reuse every bit of the materials from its vehicles, reprocess them back to raw materials, and reuse those materials in the creation of new products. In short, to make new Honda vehicles out of old Honda vehicles.
  • Use of clean, renewable energy, including electrification and hydrogen.



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